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성장기 시력검진 - 은평희망찬안과

성장기 시력검진

Home / 성장기 시력검진

 

성장기 시력 검진의 중요성

사람은 처음부터 발달된 시력을 가지고 태어나지 않습니다. 출생 시 시력은 매우 미숙한 상태로 물체의 윤곽만 구분할 수 있을 정도 입니다. 이 후 첫 2-3 개월간 시력은 빠르게 발달하며 2-3 세가 되어서는 대략 0.6 정도의 시력에 도달하게 됩니다. 이후 7-8 세까지 계속 발달하여 시력이 완성됩니다. 중요한 것은 양쪽 눈의 시력이 정상적으로 발달하기 위해서는 두 눈에 동등하게 선명한 상이 맺혀야 한다는 점입니다. 선천 백내장이나 사시, 심한 굴절이상이나 부등시 등에 의해 적절한 시 자극이 이루어 지지 못한다면 시각 중추가 발달하지 못하게 되며, 시력 발달 시기를 지난 이후에는 어떤 방법을 동원하더라도 시력을 다시 발달 시킬 수는 없습니다. 이를 약시라고 합니다. 따라서 출생 이후 시력이 정상적으로 발달하고 있는지 확인하고 약시의 소견이 있다면 시기를 놓치지 않고 원인에 따른 치료를 해야 정상적인 시력을 가질 수 있습니다.

 

시력 검진 시기

· 생후 6개월과 1년 : 선천 백내장, 선천 녹내장 등 심각한 선천이상 동반 유무를 검사하며 연령에 맞는 시각 반응을 확인합니다.
· 3세 : 그림이나 숫자를 통해 시력 측정이 가능하며 사시, 약시, 굴절이상 등에 대해 종합적으로 검사가 가능합니다.
· 6세 : 취학 전 검사로 보다 정확한 시력 측정 및 전반적인 안과 검진을 시행합니다.
· 취학후 :  굴절이상 정도나 안경 착용 여부에 따라 6개월에서 1년마다 검사를 시행합니다.

The American Academy of Ophthalmology and the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus recommendation